Site Internship


The aim of the site internship is being accustomed to working methods and environments related to our department, Interior Architecture and Environmental Design. As future interior architects, we ought to be knowledgeable about the construction sector. We were expected to combine our academic knowledge with the real-life experience during our internship periods. In order to accomplish that, we chose companies that we can develop ourselves.

Since we have been taking courses on the subject of construction phases and construction materials for about two years of time, the aim was to develop our skills in those subjects. In addition to that, we could learn about the industry from the people who are insider of the sector.

In four weeks of time at the construction site, I saw the leadership of site chief and the teamwork of workers in the construction process. I had the chance of keeping up with the architects and engineers. I follow their steps and tried to understand the management of the phase. Moreover, I have learned about materials and their usage in construction for different types of buildings with different requirements. 

All in all, during my internship period, I have turned my theoretical knowledge into action; add more accumulation of knowledge and had the chance of experiencing it.


Day 1: At the first day, I went to the residence construction site of Intertek. I met the site chief, Murat, who is going to take care of me around the site. He informed me about the project and what am I going to see in four weeks of time. The first stage was still on process (the beforehand planning was interrupted because of the economic crisis in Turkey which mainly effects the construction companies -related to exchange list. I was expecting to work on fine works of the construction but because of the reason I explained, I will only able to see rough construction phase in the following days. (Appendix 1/2)

Day 2: Today, manufacturing of wooden molds was continued that are belong to columns of third floor of the B block, which was started to build in the previous days. The wooden molds were placed on top of the iron fittings (wooden jamps were adjusted and marked beforehand). The straightness of the placed molds were checked with the water balance. After that, the molds were supported with buttresses. Through the day, reinforcing of the internal mould with the butresses were continued. In addition to butress, the iron that called stem bar is also used in the process of placing the internal moulds. That stem bars were used because they prevent the mold from bending. 

Day 3: Today the concrete casting of A block’s floor and B block’s baffle wall were done. The concrete was transferred to the site via transit-mixers and it was poured via concrete pumps. The concrete was poured first chordwise, and then all over the floor till the flooring timber level. Immediately after pouring, a worker was cross over with vibratör to minimize the air bubbles. Also another worker was smooting the surface with a tool that called floating rule.

Day 4: Today some workers irrigated the concrete that poured last day. This irrigation is called “can suyu” in Turkish: which basically means the water that gives a life. It really gave the life to the fresh poured concrete. After giving life, it was time to buffing! The surface was buffed with trowel. This process rasped the bulges and made the surface smooth. The molds of the B block was started to removed. And workers started to fix the faults in the surfaces.


Day 5: Today the irrigation of the concrete was repeated (as the chief said, it will be repeated everyday for the rest of the week). At this point, I took a part officially by holding the water hose and do the job -while other worker was following me around. In the mean time, iron workers were preparing the column iron mulds. The mulds were manufactored according to required measurements and then they were placed directly to the ores that comes from the downstairs. 

Day 6: In the morning, the irrigation of the concrete was repeated again and manufacture of the bridge floor mulds were started. The workers measured the heights and marked the places. Then, they placed wooden forms among columns. After that, they constantly placed short wooden forms among those wooden forms. The wooden forms create a strong, rail-like pattern. The workers put adjustable iron pipes under them to support the molds. This takes all day of the workers at A block. In the mean time, B block’s team was busy with construction of baffle walls.

Day 7: Today -after the irrigation- the process of pouring concrete to the baffle wall mulds, stair partition and rest of the columns of the B block. Like before, concrete was pouring to those areas via concrete pumps, a worker was following the poured parts with virator to get rid of air bubbles and lastly a worker was smooting the surfaces with trowel. Also the bridge floor mulds task at the A block continued. The wooden forms that placed among the beams were supported with adjustable iron pipes. On top of those wooden forms, shorter wooden forms were placed just like the day before. 

Day 8: The cure-aimed concrete irrigation was done at the early of the day. The bridge floor muld task which was almost finished at A block, was started at B block. Meanwhile, the disassemble of the mulds at A block was started. Which means, the disassembled mulds from the A block, were re-assembled at the B block. With this way, materials were used in an appropriate way. After application of the mulds, surface was cleaned up. To the clean surface, iron fittings were started to placed. 

Day 9: New day at construction site, same irrigation for the concrete. Today flooring timber mulds and iron fitters are continued to be manufactured. Moreover, the manufacturing of the reinforcing cages to the beams which the iron fitters were placed already. There were too many irons which makes a huse chaos that I had hard times while following the process. 

Day 10: Today the manufacturing of the flooring timber mulds and iron fitters is continued in B block. Iron fittings were placed to the beams. In the mean time, the manufacturing of the bridge floor iron fittings was continued in A block. Wire was used for connecting floor arches. Besides, among the two-layers floor arches, iron pipes were placed to arrange their height and stabilize them.

Day 11: Today I stayed in the little container which lays right next to the construction site. I took a look to the plans of the building with the project engineer. He teach me about how to read plans properly. It was such an intense course. The drawings don’t look like the ones we did in our interior architecture studios. They were way too detailed, of course! I also had the chance of making conversation with the architects about the job opportunities of that sector (construction phase).

Day 12: Today, the disassemble of the wooden mulds around the columnd and baffle wall concrete carried out. After the disassemble, the gaps that caused after the stem bars were fixed. While the B block was busy with that, the A block was finished the iron fitting job and started to pour concrete. While concrete was pouring, firstly the deep mulds throughout the beams were filled; later on all the way around the flooring. This process was again conducted via concrete pump. After pouring was done, the surface was jigged by the workers. 

Day 13: As always, cure-aimed irrigation to the new concrete poured areas was done in the morning. Straight plaques were started to be placed on top of the wooden forms which were assembled earlier. At the end of the day this process was done. By the way, to the places that the plaques were placed, iron fittings were about to be placed simultaneously. While the iron fitting of that baffle wall was being placed, tie spacers were also placed at regular intervals. Besides, some plastic apparatuses were placed on top of the iron fitting, in order to adjust the depth of concrete cover.

Day 14: Today the iron fittings was continued to manufacture. Flooring irons were laid on by intersecting themselves as approximately 10*10 cm squares. The following steps were same as it is: they poured the concrete and vibrated them to remove air bubbles, and then they smoothed out the surface.

Day 15:  Today, I realized that the rough construction of the A block was about the finish. Fine works of the external walls may be started in the couple of days. Surfaces of the A block is ready for the insulation. B block was following the process after A block. The bridge floor iron fittings were manufactured in the B block. The workers measured the heights and marked the places. Then, they placed wooden forms among columns. After that, they constantly placed short wooden forms among those wooden forms. 

Day 16: In the morning, workers irrigated the concrete at the B block. As always, the surface was buffed with trowel. Smoothing out the surface is a must. Because the insulation materials will be applied to those surfaces. So they should be ready and sleek! Any roughness may ruin the balance of the panels and cause a bad view afterwards -which we don’t want to see.

Day 17: Today we had a new delivery to the construction site: a lorry load of foam panels! It was a heaven -I immediately got the desire of making them architectural models. Later on, workers started to fil the gaps on the surface that occured because of the stem bars. So that they could start to external insulation of A block. For the external insulation, 5 mm foam panels were applied on the surface of rough construction. On top of that, base plaster and decorative plaster will applied and the insulation process will be done after painting.

Day 18: Earlier today, the irrigation of the concretes of B block was done. Meanwhile, the external insulation task was carried out in A block. Workers cleaned up the surfaces and started to apply foamboards to the surface with bonding primer. Immediately after, dowelled joint method was used, so that the connection was strengthened. Following step was the base plaster that will roughly cover the foamboard. After that, decorative plaster -which requires more finer craftsmanship- was applied. Last but not the least, the insulating paint was required to finish the job.

Day 19: Today, I arrived late; so the chief decided that I was so exhausted then he let me stay in sales office. There was a model of the project -it was so perfectly prepared. There are offices which work on that particular subject: model making. Of course they use laser cut to prepare the materials and stick them perfectly. They make good amount of money, I have to say. I find myselfy ver successful at model making, and I really enjoy it -perhaps I can think of that kind of a job. 

Day 20: At my last day of the intern, the chief told me I could stay in sales office again. So, just like yestarday, I spent my time with the sales officer, Serap. Today I observed her job and also she spoke to me about the budgets and so. I learned that the cost of construction (per squaremeter) was depend on some variables -such as construction type, classification and etc.- Their cost varies from 120,00 TRY to 2.000,00 TRY per squaremeter. And as far as I know, these prices are sey by revenue administration.